What, where and when : deconstructing memory
MetadataShow full item record
The ability of animals to remember the what, where and when of a unique past event is used as an animal equivalent to human episodic memory. We currently view episodic memory as reconstructive, with an event being remembered in the context in which it took place. Importantly, this means that the components of a what, where, when memory task should be dissociable (e. g. what would be remembered to a different degree than when). We tested this hypothesis by training hummingbirds to a memory task, where the location of a reward was specified according to colour (what), location (where), and order and time of day (when). Although hummingbirds remembered these three pieces of information together more often than expected, there was a hierarchy as to how they were remembered. When seemed to be the hardest to remember, while errors relating to what were more easily corrected. Furthermore, when appears to have been encoded as a combination of time of day and sequence information. As hummingbirds solved this task using reconstruction of different memory components (what, where and when), we suggest that similar deconstructive approaches may offer a useful way to compare episodic and episodic-like memories.
Marshall , R , Hurly , T A , Sturgeon , J , Shuker , D M & Healy , S D 2013 , ' What, where and when : deconstructing memory ' , Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences , vol. 280 , no. 1772 , 20132194 . https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2013.2194
Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
© 2013 The Authors. Published by the Royal Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, which permits unrestricted use, provided the original author and source are credited.
DescriptionThis work was supported by the Natural Environment Research Council (DTG studentship to R.E.S.M.)
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
What do we really know about cognitive inhibition? Task demands and inhibitory effects across a range of memory and behavioural tasks Noreen, Saima; MacLeod, Malcolm David (2015-08-13) - Journal articleOur study explores inhibitory control across a range of widely recognised memory and behavioural tasks. Eighty-seven never-depressed participants completed a series of tasks designed to measure inhibitory control in memory ...
Provide all the details that you can remember : assessing the quantity and quality of autobiographical retrieval Lucaciu, Irina-Maria (University of St Andrews, 2018-12-06) - ThesisPeople asked to recall the memory of an event during testimony are encouraged to prioritize both quantity and quality – "the whole truth and nothing but the truth". Extensive research has shown that people can provide ...
Persson, Bjorn Martin (University of St Andrews, 2017-06-20) - ThesisThe aim of this thesis is to examine the underlying cognitive and neural processes at play during retrieval of temporal and contextual source information. This was assessed across three experimental chapters. In the first ...