What do we really know about cognitive inhibition? Task demands and inhibitory effects across a range of memory and behavioural tasks
MetadataShow full item record
Our study explores inhibitory control across a range of widely recognised memory and behavioural tasks. Eighty-seven never-depressed participants completed a series of tasks designed to measure inhibitory control in memory and behaviour. Specifically, a variant of the selective retrieval-practice and the Think/No-Think tasks were employed as measures of memory inhibition. The Stroop-Colour Naming and the Go/No-Go tasks were used as measures of behavioural inhibition. Participants completed all 4 tasks. Task presentation order was counterbalanced across 3 separate testing sessions for each participant. Standard inhibitory forgetting effects emerged on both memory tasks but the extent of forgetting across these tasks was not correlated. Furthermore, there was no relationship between memory inhibition tasks and either of the main behavioural inhibition measures. At a time when cognitive inhibition continues to gain acceptance as an explanatory mechanism, our study raises fundamental questions about what we actually know about inhibition and how it is affected by the processing demands of particular inhibitory tasks.
Noreen , S & MacLeod , M D 2015 , ' What do we really know about cognitive inhibition? Task demands and inhibitory effects across a range of memory and behavioural tasks ' PLoS One , vol. 10 , no. 8 , 0134951 . DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134951
© 2015 Noreen, MacLeod. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DescriptionThe authors (SN, principal investigator and MDM as co-investigator) received funding from the British Academy for this research (http://www.britac.ac.uk/). The grant number was SG111104.
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Marshall, Rachael; Hurly, T.Andrew; Sturgeon, Jenny; Shuker, David Michael; Healy, Susan Denise (2013-12-07) - Journal articleThe ability of animals to remember the what, where and when of a unique past event is used as an animal equivalent to human episodic memory. We currently view episodic memory as reconstructive, with an event being remembered ...
Provide all the details that you can remember : assessing the quantity and quality of autobiographical retrieval Lucaciu, Irina-Maria (University of St Andrews, 2018-12-06) - ThesisPeople asked to recall the memory of an event during testimony are encouraged to prioritize both quantity and quality – "the whole truth and nothing but the truth". Extensive research has shown that people can provide ...
Teale, Julia C. (University of St Andrews, 2015-06-23) - ThesisAge can affect memory performance. This statement is so often heard that it has become almost a truism. When research surrounding memory inhibition – the ability to ignore irrelevant material to aid in the retrieval of a ...