Super-geometric electron focusing on the hexagonal Fermi surface of PdCoO2
MetadataShow full item record
Altmetrics Handle Statistics
Altmetrics DOI Statistics
Geometric electron optics may be implemented in solids when electron transport is ballistic on the length scale of a device. Currently, this is realized mainly in 2D materials characterized by circular Fermi surfaces. Here we demonstrate that the nearly perfectly hexagonal Fermi surface of PdCoO2 gives rise to highly directional ballistic transport. We probe this directional ballistic regime in a single crystal of PdCoO2 by use of focused ion beam (FIB) micro-machining, defining crystalline ballistic circuits with features as small as 250 nm. The peculiar hexagonal Fermi surface naturally leads to enhanced electron self-focusing effects in a magnetic field compared to circular Fermi surfaces. This super-geometric focusing can be quantitatively predicted for arbitrary device geometry, based on the hexagonal cyclotron orbits appearing in this material. These results suggest a novel class of ballistic electronic devices exploiting the unique transport characteristics of strongly faceted Fermi surfaces.
Bachmann , M D , Sharpe , A L , Barnard , A W , Putzke , C , König , M , Khim , S , Goldhaber-Gordon , D , Mackenzie , A P & Moll , P J W 2019 , ' Super-geometric electron focusing on the hexagonal Fermi surface of PdCoO 2 ' , Nature Communications , vol. 10 , 5081 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-13020-9
Copyright © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
DescriptionThe project was supported by the Max-Planck Society and has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 715730). M.D.B. acknowledges studentship funding from EPSRC under grant no. EP/I007002/1. A.L.S. acknowledges support from a Ford Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship and a National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship. A.L.S. would like to thank Edwin Huang for helpful discussions and Tom Devereaux for letting us use his group cluster. Computational work was performed on the Sherlock cluster at Stanford University and on resources of the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, supported by DOE under contract DE_AC02-05CH11231. D.G.G.’s and A.W.B.’s work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic EnergySciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.