Continuous flow homogeneous catalysis using ionic liquid/supercritical fluid biphasic systems
MetadataShow full item record
Ionic liquid/scCO₂ biphasic systems have been studied as a possible solution to the main problems concerning homogeneous catalysis reactions such as, the product/catalyst separation, the catalyst retention in the reaction medium and the use of organic solvents. The hydroformylation of long chain alkenes (1-octene) has been carried out as a continuous flow reaction using [OctMIM]Tf₂N (OctMIM = 1-octyl-3-methylimidazolium, Tf = CF₃SO₂) as the reaction solvent and scCO₂as the mobile phase to extract the products. The performance of the rhodium complexes formed with the ionic ligands [PentMIM][TPPTS] (1-pentyl-3- methylimidazolium tri(m-sulfonyl)triphenylphosphine) and [OctMIM][TPPTS] (1-octyl-3- methylimidazolium tri(m-sulfonyl)triphenylphosphine) is described under different sets of experimental conditions. Continuous flow hydroformylation of 1-octene was also carried out using a SILP (Supported Ionic Liquid Phase) catalyst formed with the TPPTS-based ionic ligands named above. The SILP system described in this work has the peculiarity of introducing the “without gases” approach: syn gas was synthesised in situ by the decomposition of formaldehyde. The performance of both systems is compared in the end. The extension of the continuous flow ionic liquid/scCO₂ biphasic system is shown with the optimisation of the silver-catalysed heterocyclisation of furans. A comparison is carried out with a previously developed and optimised continuous flow heterogeneous system.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.