The intracellular second messenger InsP₃ is a vital molecule in the regulation of Ca²⁺ signalling. Ca²⁺ mediates a wide range of cellular activities from fertilisation and cell differentiation through to apoptoisis. Using X-ray crystal structure data and molecular modelling, a series of novel InsP₃ analogues were designed as selective InsP₃R-antagonists. Two novel synthetic routes have been developed for the synthesis of these analogues. The first route uses a Ferrier-II rearrangement to provide enantiopure inositol intermediates, whereas, the second route employs a diastereomeric resolution to obtain the enantiopure inositols. The successful synthesis of InsP₃ and a series of 5-position modified analogues are reported herein.