The continuing story of SN IIb 2013df: new optical and IR observations and analysis
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SN 2013df is a nearby Type IIb supernova that seems to be the spectroscopic twin of the well-known SN 1993J. Previous studies revealed many, but not all interesting properties of this event. Our goal was to add new understanding of both the early- and late-time phases of SN 2013df. Our spectral analysis is based on six optical spectra obtained with the 9.2 m Hobby-Eberly Telescope during the first month after explosion, complemented by a near-infrared spectrum. We applied the SYNAPPS spectral synthesis code to constrain the chemical composition and physical properties of the ejecta. A principal result is the identification of 'high-velocity' He i lines in the early spectra of SN 2013df, manifest as the blue component of the double-troughed profile at ~5650 Å. This finding, together with the lack of clear separation of H and He lines in velocity space, indicates that both H and He features form at the outer envelope during the early phases. We also obtained ground-based BVRI and g'r'i'z' photometric data up to +45 d and unfiltered measurements with the ROTSE-IIIb telescope up to +168 d. From the modelling of the early-time quasi-bolometric light curve, we find Mej ~ 3.2-4.6 M⊙ and Ekin ~ 2.6-2.8 × 1051 erg for the initial ejecta mass and the initial kinetic energy, respectively, which agree well with the values derived from the separate modelling of the light-curve tail. Late-time mid-infrared excess indicates circumstellar interaction starting ~1 yr after explosion, in accordance with previously published optical, X-ray, and radio data.
Szalai , T , Vinkó , J , Nagy , A P , Silverman , J M , Wheeler , J C , Dhungana , G , Marion , G H , Kehoe , R , Fox , O D , Sárneczky , K , Marschalkó , G , Bíró , B I , Borkovits , T , Hegedüs , T , Szakáts , R , Ferrante , F V , Bányai , E , Hodosán , G , Kelemen , J & Pál , A 2016 , ' The continuing story of SN IIb 2013df: new optical and IR observations and analysis ' Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society , vol 460 , no. 2 , pp. 1500-1518 . DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stw1031
Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
© 2016 The Authors. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stw1031
DescriptionThis work has been supported by the Hungarian Scientific Research Fund (OTKA) Grants NN107637, K104607, K83790, and K113117. TS is supported by the OTKA Postdoctoral Fellowship PD112325. JCW’s Supernova group at the UT Austin is supported by NSF Grant AST 11-09881 grant. JMS is supported by an NSF Astronomy and Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship under award AST-1302771. KS and AP are supported by the ‘Lend¨ulet-2009’ Young Researchers Program and the LP2012-31 grant of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, respectively; KS is also supported by the ESA PECS Contract no. 4000110889/14/NL/NDe.
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