Charged quantum dot micropillar system for deterministic light-matter interactions
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Quantum dots (QDs) are semiconductor nanostructures in which a three-dimensional potential trap produces an electronic quantum confinement, thus mimicking the behavior of single atomic dipole-like transitions. However, unlike atoms, QDs can be incorporated into solid-state photonic devices such as cavities or waveguides that enhance the light-matter interaction. A near unit efficiency light-matter interaction is essential for deterministic, scalable quantum-information (QI) devices. In this limit, a single photon input into the device will undergo a large rotation of the polarization of the light field due to the strong interaction with the QD. In this paper we measure a macroscopic (∼6∘) phase shift of light as a result of the interaction with a negatively charged QD coupled to a low-quality-factor (Q∼290) pillar microcavity. This unexpectedly large rotation angle demonstrates that this simple low-Q-factor design would enable near-deterministic light-matter interactions.
Androvitsaneas , P , Young , A B , Schneider , C , Maier , S , Kamp , M , Höfling , S , Knauer , S , Harbord , E , Hu , C Y , Rarity , J G & Oulton , R 2016 , ' Charged quantum dot micropillar system for deterministic light-matter interactions ' Physical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics , vol 93 , 241409 . DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.93.241409
Physical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
© 2016 American Physical Society. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.241409
DescriptionThis work was funded by the Future Emerging Technologies (FET) programme within the Seventh Framework Programme for Research of the European Commission, FET-Open, FP7-284743 [project Spin Photon Angular Momentum Transfer for Quantum Enabled Technologies (SPANGL4Q)] and the German Ministry of Education and research (BMBF) and Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) [project Solid State Quantum Networks (SSQN)]. J.G.R. is sponsored by the EPSRC fellowship EP/M024458/1.
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