The confirmability and disconfirmability of trait concepts revisited : does content matter?
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M. Rothbart and B. Park (1986) demonstrated that, consistent with the common negativity bias, positive traits are difficult to confirm and easy to disconfirm, whereas the opposite is true for negative traits. This article extends their analysis by showing that trait (dis-) confirmability is moderated by trait content (warmth vs. competence). Study I identifies a trait sample representative of warmth and competence. Study 2 shows a strong negativity effect for warmth and a reduced (or absent) negativity effect for competence. Study 3 examines trait properties related to the behavioral range of the trait possessor and to the motivational goals of the perceiver as predictors of trait (dis-) confirmability. The theoretical and practical implications of the authors' findings are discussed, and avenues for future research are suggested.
Tausch , N , Kenworthy , J B & Hewstone , M 2007 , ' The confirmability and disconfirmability of trait concepts revisited : does content matter? ' Journal of Personality and Social Psychology , vol 92 , no. 3 , pp. 542-556 . DOI: 10.1037/0022-3518.104.22.1682
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Copyright 2007 APA, all rights reserved. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3522.214.171.1242
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