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dc.contributor.authorHollis, Karen
dc.contributor.authorGuillette, Lauren
dc.identifier.citationHollis , K & Guillette , L 2015 , ' What associative learning in insects tells us about the evolution of learning and fixed behavior ' , International Journal of Comparative Psychology , vol. 28 .en
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 205996395
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: b9d4fc8d-78b4-440d-8bbe-76000a5d4bc6
dc.description.abstractContemporary models for the evolution of learning suggest that environmental predictability plays a critical role in whether learning is expected to evolve in a particular species, a claim originally made over 50 years ago. However, amongst many behavioral scientists who study insect learning, as well as amongst neuroscientists who study the brain architecture of insects, a very different view is emerging, namely that all animals possessing a nervous system should be able to learn. More specifically, the capacity for associative learning may be an emergent property of nervous systems such that, whenever selection pressures favor the evolution of nervous systems, for whatever reason, the capacity for associative learning follows ipso facto. One way to reconcile these disparate views of learning is to suggest that the assumed default in these evolutionary models, namely the non-learning phenotype, is incorrect: The ability to learn is, in fact, the default but, under certain conditions, selection pressures can override that ability, resulting in hard-wired, or considerably less plastic, responses. Thus, models for the evolution of learning actually may be models for the conditions under which inherent plasticity is overridden. Moreover, what have been revealed as the costs of learning in insects may, instead, be costs associated with far more complex cognitive feats than simple associative learning – cognitive skills that researchers are just now beginning to reveal.
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Comparative Psychologyen
dc.rightsCopyright 2015 by the article author(s). This work is made available under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution3.0 license,
dc.subjectInsect learningen
dc.subjectEvolution of learningen
dc.subjectAssociative learning in insectsen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.titleWhat associative learning in insects tells us about the evolution of learning and fixed behavioren
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.url Authoren

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