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dc.contributor.authorPica, G.
dc.contributor.authorWolfowicz, G.
dc.contributor.authorUrdampilleta, M.
dc.contributor.authorThewalt, M.L.W.
dc.contributor.authorRiemann, H.
dc.contributor.authorAbrosimov, N.V.
dc.contributor.authorBecker, P.
dc.contributor.authorPohl, H.-J.
dc.contributor.authorMorton, J.J.L.
dc.contributor.authorBhatt, R.N.
dc.contributor.authorLyon, S.A.
dc.contributor.authorLovett, B.W.
dc.date.accessioned2015-03-27T11:01:10Z
dc.date.available2015-03-27T11:01:10Z
dc.date.issued2014-11-18
dc.identifier.citationPica , G , Wolfowicz , G , Urdampilleta , M , Thewalt , M L W , Riemann , H , Abrosimov , N V , Becker , P , Pohl , H-J , Morton , J J L , Bhatt , R N , Lyon , S A & Lovett , B W 2014 , ' Hyperfine Stark effect of shallow donors in silicon ' , Physical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics , vol. 90 , no. 19 , 195204 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.90.195204en
dc.identifier.issn1098-0121
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 159057115
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d2f63aed-bc24-408b-b610-5199e429c7ef
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84911375975
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5142-9585/work/47136584
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000345246600004
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/6382
dc.descriptionThis research was funded by the joint EPSRC (EP/I035536) / NSF (DMR-1107606) Materials World Network grant (BWL, GP, JJLM, SAL), EPSRC grant EP/K025562/1 (BWL and JJLM), the European Research Council under the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement No. 279781 (JJLM), partly by the NSF MRSEC grant DMR-0819860 (SAL), the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences grant DE-SC0002140 (RNB). BWL and JJLM thank the Royal Society for a University Research Fellowship.en
dc.description.abstractWe present a complete theoretical treatment of Stark effects in bulk doped silicon, whose predictions are supported by experimental measurements. A multivalley effective mass theory, dealing nonperturbatively with valley-orbit interactions induced by a donor-dependent central cell potential, allows us to obtain a very reliable picture of the donor wave function within a relatively simple framework. Variational optimization of the 1s donor binding energies calculated with a new trial wave function, in a pseudopotential with two fitting parameters, allows an accurate match of the experimentally determined donor energy levels, while the correct limiting behavior for the electronic density, both close to and far from each impurity nucleus, is captured by fitting the measured contact hyperfine coupling between the donor nuclear and electron spin. We go on to include an external uniform electric field in order to model Stark physics: with no extra ad hoc parameters, variational minimization of the complete donor ground energy allows a quantitative description of the field-induced reduction of electronic density at each impurity nucleus. Detailed comparisons with experimental values for the shifts of the contact hyperfine coupling reveal very close agreement for all the donors measured (P, As, Sb, and Bi). Finally, we estimate field ionization thresholds for the donor ground states, thus setting upper limits to the gate manipulation times for single qubit operations in Kane-like architectures: the Si:Bi system is shown to allow for A gates as fast as ≈10 MHz.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofPhysical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physicsen
dc.rights© 2014 American Physical Society. Reproduced in accordance with APS transfer of copyright agreement. The final version can also be found via the publisher's website: http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.90.195204en
dc.subjectQC Physicsen
dc.subject.lccQCen
dc.titleHyperfine Stark effect of shallow donors in siliconen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEPSRCen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Physics and Astronomyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Condensed Matter Physicsen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.90.195204
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.grantnumberEP/I035536/1en


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