Enhancing the emission directionality of organic light-emitting diodes by using photonic microstructures
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We report microstructured organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) with directional emission based on efficient solution-processable europium-OLEDs patterned by solvent assisted microcontact molding. The angle dependence of the light emission is characterized for OLEDs with square-array photonic crystals with periods between 275 nm and 335 nm. The microstructured devices have emission patterns strongly modified from the Lambertian emission of planar OLEDs and can approximately double the emitted power in a desired angle range in both s- and p-polarizations. The modified emission is attributed to light diffracted out of the waveguide modes of the OLEDs.
Zhang , S , Turnbull , G A & Samuel , I D W 2013 , ' Enhancing the emission directionality of organic light-emitting diodes by using photonic microstructures ' Applied Physics Letters , vol 103 , 213302 . DOI: 10.1063/1.4829759
Applied Physics Letters
© 2013. AIP Publishing LLC. This article was published in Applied Physics Letters on 18 November 2013, available online: http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/apl/103/21/10.1063/1.4829759
S. Zhang, G. A. Turnbull, and I. D. W. Samuel are grateful to the Scottish Universities Physics Alliance (SUPA) and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) for financial support.
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