Quantum metrology with molecular ensembles
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The field of quantum metrology promisesmeasurement devices that are fundamentally superior to conventional technologies. Specifically, when quantum entanglement is harnessed, the precision achieved is supposed to scale more favorably with the resources employed, such as system size and time required. Here, we consider measurement of magnetic-field strength using an ensemble of spin-active molecules. We identify a third essential resource: the change in ensemble polarization (entropy increase) during the metrology experiment. We find that performance depends crucially on the form of decoherence present; for a plausible dephasing model, we describe a quantum strategy, which can indeed beat the standard strategy.
Schaffry , M , Gauger , E M , Morton , J J L , Fitzsimons , J , Benjamin , S C & Lovett , B W 2010 , ' Quantum metrology with molecular ensembles ' Physical Review. A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics , vol 82 , no. 4 , 042114 . DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.82.042114
Physical Review. A, Atomic, molecular, and optical physics
© 2010. The American Physical Society.
This work was supported by the EPSRC through QIP IRC (Grants No. GR/S82176/01 and No. GR/S15808/01), the National Research Foundation and Ministry of Education, Singapore, the DAAD, and the Royal Society.