The soft-source impedance of the lip-reed : experimental measurements with an artificial mouth
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Most theoretical descriptions of the brass instrument lip-reed consider the acoustical condition at the lips to be a closed, rigid termination, corresponding to a unitary reflectance. This assumption is carried through to many computational models as well. In reality, the protrusion of the player's lips into the mouthpiece causes a periodic shortening/extension of the acoustical tube downstream, an effect sometimes but not always incorporated into such models. Of interest here is the absorption properties of the lip termination, the so-called 'soft source impedance'. This provides a further modification to the boundary condition at the lips, since the soft, deformable nature of the lips are likely to cause some extra damping of the acoustic standing wave. Measurements are presented to demonstrate this damping effect using an artificial mouth. This is achieved through measurements of the lip reflectance from downstream of the lips, from where it is shown that the reflectance shows a dip at the peak absorbance frequency of the lips. The frequency of the absorbance is shown to vary as the lip parameters are changed.
Harrison , R , Kemp , J A & Newton , M 2013 , The soft-source impedance of the lip-reed : experimental measurements with an artificial mouth . in Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics . vol. 19 , Acoustical Society of America (ASA) , Melville, NY , Proceedings of the 21st International Congress on Acoustics , Montréal , Canada , 2/06/13 . https://doi.org/10.1121/1.4800567conference
Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics
Copyright (2013) American Acoustical Society. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the Acoustical Society of America. The following article appeared in Proceedings of Meetings on Acoustics, Volume 19, and may be found at http://asadl.org/poma/resource/1/pmarcw/v19/i1/p035074_s1
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