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dc.contributor.authorTripathi, Abhinav
dc.contributor.authorMurugesan, Chinnasamy
dc.contributor.authorNaden, Aaron B.
dc.contributor.authorCurran, Peter
dc.contributor.authorKavanagh, Christopher Matthew
dc.contributor.authorCondlifee, James M
dc.contributor.authorArmstrong, Robert
dc.contributor.authorIrvine, John T. S.
dc.date.accessioned2023-09-18T11:30:01Z
dc.date.available2023-09-18T11:30:01Z
dc.date.issued2023-11-08
dc.identifier292978578
dc.identifier55e2463c-b594-427a-9e38-99417bad7fbf
dc.identifier85171380519
dc.identifier.citationTripathi , A , Murugesan , C , Naden , A B , Curran , P , Kavanagh , C M , Condlifee , J M , Armstrong , R & Irvine , J T S 2023 , ' Investigations into improved electrochemical performance of Sn doped Hard carbons as negatives for sodium-ion batteries ' , Batteries & Supercaps , vol. 6 , no. 11 , e202300225 . https://doi.org/10.1002/batt.202300225en
dc.identifier.issn2566-6223
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8394-3359/work/142904448
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2876-6991/work/142905099
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1937-0936/work/142905251
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10023/28415
dc.descriptionWe would like to thank the Faraday Institution NEXGENNA project (FIRG018) and EPSRC (EP/L017008/1, EP/T019298/1, and EP/R023751/1) for support.en
dc.description.abstractHard carbon is the most suitable anode material for pragmatic Sodium-ion batteries (NIBs). Despite various studies, there is still significant scope for improvement in the understanding of the (de)sodiation mechanism. Here, we study Sn incorporation in hard carbons and its effects on the electrochemical performance. Sn incorporation leads to improved first cycle coulombic efficiency and capacity, specifically increase in the plateau capacity. An improvement from 220 mAh/g to 285 mAh/g and 325 mAh/g is respectively obtained for 7% and 15% Sn in hard carbon-Sn composites (HC/Sn). Sn incorporation in both commercial and sucrose-derived hard carbons has been shown to improve the electrochemical performance. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies show that number of graphene layers in nano-graphitic domains is reduced after Sn incorporation with no change in interlayer spacing, thus highlighting the role of the nature of graphitic domains in designing the hard carbons. Full cells with commercial cathodes are also presented. Cost analysis of the Sn doping routes in this study is presented to demonstrate the commercial viability of the strategy.
dc.format.extent872746
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofBatteries & Supercapsen
dc.subjectAnodesen
dc.subjectCost analysisen
dc.subjectEnergy densityen
dc.subjectHard carbonen
dc.subjectNa-ion batteriesen
dc.subjectQD Chemistryen
dc.subjectDASen
dc.subject.lccQDen
dc.titleInvestigations into improved electrochemical performance of Sn doped Hard carbons as negatives for sodium-ion batteriesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEPSRCen
dc.contributor.sponsorEPSRCen
dc.contributor.sponsorEPSRCen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Chemistryen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Energy Ethicsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Designer Quantum Materialsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. EaSTCHEMen
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/batt.202300225
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden
dc.identifier.grantnumberep/l017008/1en
dc.identifier.grantnumberEP/T019298/1en
dc.identifier.grantnumberEP/R023751/1en


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