Structural analysis of the potential therapeutic targets from specific genes in Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
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The thesis describes over-expression, purification and crystallization of three proteins from Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). S. aureus is an important human pathogen and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is a serious problem in hospitals nowadays. The crystal structure of 3-Methyladenine DNA glycosylase I (TAG) was determined by single-wavelength anomalous diffraction (SAD) method. TAG is responsible for DNA repair and is an essential gene for both MRSA and methicilin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA). The structure was also determined in complex with 3-methyladenine (3-MeA) and was solved using molecular replacement (MR) method. An assay was carried out and the molecular basis of discrimination between 3-MeA and adenosine was determined. The native crystal structure of fructose 1-phosphate kinase (PFK) from S. aureus was determined to 2.30 Å and solved using molecular replacement method. PFK is an essential enzyme involved in the central metabolism of MRSA. Despite extensive efforts no co-complex was determined, although crystals were obtained they diffracted poorly. An assay which can be used to test for inhibitors has been developed. Mevalonate Kinase (MK) is another essential enzyme in MRSA and is a key drug target in the mevalonate pathway. Native data diffracting to 2.2 Å was collected. The structure was solved using multiple isomorphorus replacement (MIR) method. A citrate molecule was bound at the MK active site, arising from the crystallization condition. The citrate molecule indicates how substrate might bind. The protein was kinetically characterized. A thermodynamic analysis using fluorescence-based method was carried out on each protein to investigate binding interactions of potential fragments and thus a drug design starting point.
Thesis, PhD Doctor of Philosophy
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