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dc.contributor.authorIsham, Aleksandra E.
dc.contributor.authorWatson, Lynn A.
dc.contributor.authorDritschel, Barbara
dc.identifier.citationIsham , A E , Watson , L A & Dritschel , B 2022 , ' Sad reflections of happy times : depression vulnerability and experiences of sadness and happiness upon retrieval of positive autobiographical memories ' , Memory , vol. Latest Articles .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 280815300
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: beac1892-377d-4474-9e0b-f3fe3bbda393
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:773333F6244AE43EA34DD7366EF02B1E
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-0909-6323/work/117211017
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85135685362
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000838042600001
dc.description.abstractInstructed retrieval of positive autobiographical memories typically improves mood for healthy individuals, but not always for depressed individuals. No mood improvement may occur when depressed individuals retrieve positive memories that are self-incongruent, or when they ruminate upon positive memory retrieval. Mindfulness is associated with lower self-incongruency and rumination. The present study examined whether recurrent depression predicted emotional experience upon involuntary and voluntary retrieval of positive memories, and whether recurrent depression and trait mindfulness were associated with emotional experience upon positive memory retrieval through state rumination and self-incongruency. Recurrently and never-depressed individuals completed measures of depression, trait mindfulness, and a diary for reporting on everyday positive memories. Recurrently depressed individuals reported diminished happiness upon retrieving involuntary and voluntary positive memories compared to never-depressed individuals; and greater sadness upon involuntary positive memory retrieval, independent of current depression. Recurrent depression was associated with diminished happiness upon involuntary memory retrieval and greater sadness upon involuntary and voluntary positive memory retrieval, through state brooding, self-incongruency, or both. Higher trait mindfulness was associated with lower sadness upon involuntary and voluntary positive memory retrieval through state brooding and reflection. These findings highlight potential mechanisms in the relationship between depression vulnerability and emotional processing of positive autobiographical memories.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectState emotion regulationen
dc.subjectDepression vulnerabilityen
dc.subjectAutobiographical memoryen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleSad reflections of happy times : depression vulnerability and experiences of sadness and happiness upon retrieval of positive autobiographical memoriesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. University of St Andrewsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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