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dc.contributor.authorBueno De Mesquita, Clifton P.
dc.contributor.authorNichols, Lauren M.
dc.contributor.authorGebert, Matthew J.
dc.contributor.authorVanderburgh, Caihong
dc.contributor.authorBocksberger, Gaëlle
dc.contributor.authorLester, Jack D.
dc.contributor.authorKalan, Ammie K.
dc.contributor.authorDieguez, Paula
dc.contributor.authorMccarthy, Maureen S.
dc.contributor.authorAgbor, Anthony
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez Varona, Paula
dc.contributor.authorAyimisin, Ayuk Emmanuel
dc.contributor.authorBessone, Mattia
dc.contributor.authorChancellor, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorCohen, Heather
dc.contributor.authorCoupland, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorDeschner, Tobias
dc.contributor.authorEgbe, Villard Ebot
dc.contributor.authorGoedmakers, Annemarie
dc.contributor.authorGranjon, Anne-Céline
dc.contributor.authorGrueter, Cyril C.
dc.contributor.authorHead, Josephine
dc.contributor.authorHernandez-Aguilar, R. Adriana
dc.contributor.authorJeffery, Kathryn J.
dc.contributor.authorJones, Sorrel
dc.contributor.authorKadam, Parag
dc.contributor.authorKaiser, Michael
dc.contributor.authorLapuente, Juan
dc.contributor.authorLarson, Bradley
dc.contributor.authorMarrocoli, Sergio
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, David
dc.contributor.authorMugerwa, Badru
dc.contributor.authorMulindahabi, Felix
dc.contributor.authorNeil, Emily
dc.contributor.authorNiyigaba, Protais
dc.contributor.authorPacheco, Liliana
dc.contributor.authorPiel, Alex K.
dc.contributor.authorRobbins, Martha M.
dc.contributor.authorRundus, Aaron
dc.contributor.authorSanz, Crickette M.
dc.contributor.authorSciaky, Lilah
dc.contributor.authorSheil, Douglas
dc.contributor.authorSommer, Volker
dc.contributor.authorStewart, Fiona A.
dc.contributor.authorTon, Els
dc.contributor.authorVan Schijndel, Joost
dc.contributor.authorVergnes, Virginie
dc.contributor.authorWessling, Erin G.
dc.contributor.authorWittig, Roman M.
dc.contributor.authorGinath Yuh, Yisa
dc.contributor.authorYurkiw, Kyle
dc.contributor.authorZuberbühler, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorGogarten, Jan F.
dc.contributor.authorHeintz-Buschart, Anna
dc.contributor.authorMuellner-Riehl, Alexandra N.
dc.contributor.authorBoesch, Christophe
dc.contributor.authorKühl, Hjalmar S.
dc.contributor.authorFierer, Noah
dc.contributor.authorArandjelovic, Mimi
dc.contributor.authorDunn, Robert R.
dc.identifier.citationBueno De Mesquita , C P , Nichols , L M , Gebert , M J , Vanderburgh , C , Bocksberger , G , Lester , J D , Kalan , A K , Dieguez , P , Mccarthy , M S , Agbor , A , Álvarez Varona , P , Ayimisin , A E , Bessone , M , Chancellor , R , Cohen , H , Coupland , C , Deschner , T , Egbe , V E , Goedmakers , A , Granjon , A-C , Grueter , C C , Head , J , Hernandez-Aguilar , R A , Jeffery , K J , Jones , S , Kadam , P , Kaiser , M , Lapuente , J , Larson , B , Marrocoli , S , Morgan , D , Mugerwa , B , Mulindahabi , F , Neil , E , Niyigaba , P , Pacheco , L , Piel , A K , Robbins , M M , Rundus , A , Sanz , C M , Sciaky , L , Sheil , D , Sommer , V , Stewart , F A , Ton , E , Van Schijndel , J , Vergnes , V , Wessling , E G , Wittig , R M , Ginath Yuh , Y , Yurkiw , K , Zuberbühler , K , Gogarten , J F , Heintz-Buschart , A , Muellner-Riehl , A N , Boesch , C , Kühl , H S , Fierer , N , Arandjelovic , M & Dunn , R R 2021 , ' Structure of chimpanzee gut microbiomes across tropical Africa ' , mSystems , vol. 6 , no. 3 , e01269-20 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 275155127
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 0e3b6bb6-2e6b-4e8e-b8c1-33648c6d8f76
dc.identifier.othercrossref: 10.1128/mSystems.01269-20
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85109288441
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8378-088X/work/97473080
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 34156289
dc.descriptionWe acknowledge the Max Planck Society, the Max Planck Society Innovation Fund, and the Heinz L. Krekeler Foundation for funding. J.F.G. was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) Research Group “Sociality and Health in Primates” (FOR2136). Publication of this article was funded by the University of Colorado Boulder Libraries Open Access Fund.en
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding variation in host-associated microbial communities is important given the relevance of microbiomes to host physiology and health. Using 560 fecal samples collected from wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) across their range, we assessed how geography, genetics, climate, vegetation, and diet relate to gut microbial community structure (prokaryotes, eukaryotic parasites) at multiple spatial scales. We observed a high degree of regional specificity in the microbiome composition, which was associated with host genetics, available plant foods, and potentially with cultural differences in tool use, which affect diet. Genetic differences drove community composition at large scales, while vegetation and potentially tool use drove within-region differences, likely due to their influence on diet. Unlike industrialized human populations in the United States, where regional differences in the gut microbiome are undetectable, chimpanzee gut microbiomes are far more variable across space, suggesting that technological developments have decoupled humans from their local environments, obscuring regional differences that could have been important during human evolution.
dc.rightsCopyright © 2021 Bueno de Mesquita et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons
dc.subjectHost geneticsen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.titleStructure of chimpanzee gut microbiomes across tropical Africaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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