Show simple item record

Files in this item

Thumbnail

Item metadata

dc.contributor.authorCremonese, Lorenzo
dc.contributor.authorWeger, Lindsey
dc.contributor.authorDenier van der Gon, Hugo
dc.contributor.authorBartels, Marianne Pascale
dc.contributor.authorButler, Tim
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-14T13:30:10Z
dc.date.available2021-01-14T13:30:10Z
dc.date.issued2019-05-27
dc.identifier.citationCremonese , L , Weger , L , Denier van der Gon , H , Bartels , M P & Butler , T 2019 , ' Emission scenarios of a potential shale gas industry in Germany and the United Kingdom ' , Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene , vol. 7 , 18 . https://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.359en
dc.identifier.issn2325-1026
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 268626131
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2e7c40dc-accc-44e3-bf2a-3536fb59d510
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85070557511
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10023/21272
dc.descriptionThe entire project was internally funded by the Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS) Potsdam.en
dc.description.abstractThe shale gas debate has taken center stage over the past decade in many European countries due to its purported climate advantages over coal and the implications for domestic energy security. Nevertheless, shale gas production generates greenhouse gas and air pollutant emissions including carbon dioxide, methane, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter and volatile organic compounds. In this study we develop three shale gas drilling projections in Germany and the United Kingdom based on estimated reservoir productivities and local capacity. For each projection, we define a set of emission scenarios in which gas losses are assigned to each stage of upstream gas production to quantify total emissions. The “realistic” (REm) and “optimistic” (OEm) scenarios investigated in this study describe, respectively, the potential emission range generated by business-as-usual activities, and the lowest emissions technically possible according to our settings. The latter scenario is based on the application of specific technologies and full compliance with a stringent regulatory framework described herein. Based on the median drilling projection, total annual methane emissions range between 150–294 Kt in REm and 28–42 Kt in OEm, while carbon dioxide emissions span from 5.55–7.21 Mt in REm to 3.11–3.96 Mt in OEm. Taking all drilling projections into consideration, methane leakage rates in REm range between 0.45 and 1.36% in Germany, and between 0.35 and 0.71% in the United Kingdom. The leakage rates are discussed in both the European (conventional gas) and international (shale gas) contexts. Further, the emission intensity of a potential European shale gas industry is estimated and compared to national inventories. Results from our science-based prospective scenarios can facilitate an informed discussion among the public and policy makers on the climate impact of a potential shale gas development in Europe, and on the appropriate role of natural gas in the worldwide energy transition.
dc.format.extent26
dc.language.isoeng
dc.relation.ispartofElementa: Science of the Anthropoceneen
dc.rightsCopyright: © 2019 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.en
dc.subjectShale gasen
dc.subjectUnconventional gasen
dc.subjectMethane leakageen
dc.subjectO&G industryen
dc.subjectFrackingen
dc.subjectNatural gasen
dc.subjectHD Industries. Land use. Laboren
dc.subjectG Geography (General)en
dc.subjectNDASen
dc.subject.lccHDen
dc.subject.lccG1en
dc.titleEmission scenarios of a potential shale gas industry in Germany and the United Kingdomen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Geography & Sustainable Developmenten
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1525/elementa.359
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record