DNA methylation of MMPs and TIMPs in atherothrombosis process in carotid plaques and blood tissues
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Background and Purpose: Polymorphisms and serum levels of Matrix Metalloproteinases (MMP) and Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases (TIMP) have been studied with regard to atheromatous plaques and ischemic stroke, while no studies of DNA methylation (DNAm) patterns of MMP or TIMP have been performed to that end. Here, we evaluate DNAm levels of the MMP and TIMP gene families in human carotid plaques and blood samples of atherothrombotic stroke patients. Methods: We profiled the DNAm status of stable and ulcerated atherosclerotic plaques obtained as pair sets from three patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy surgery. We selected 415 CpG sites, mapping into MMPs and TIMPs genes for further study. Secondly, the statistically associated CpG sites were analyzed in blood samples from two separate atherothrombotic stroke cohorts (total sample size = 307), ischemic stroke-cohort 1 (ISC-1): 37 atherothrombotic patients and 6 controls, ischemic stroke-cohort 2 (ISC-2): 80 atherothrombotic patients and 184 controls. DNAm levels from plaque tissue and blood samples were evaluated using a high-density microarray Infinium, HumanMethylation450 BeadChip and Infinium MethylationEPIC BeadChip. Results: Three CpG sites were statistically significantly associated with unstable plaque portions; cg02969624, q-value = 0.035 (TIMP2), and cg04316754, q-value = 0.037 (MMP24) were hypermethylated, while cg24211657 q-value = 0.035 (TIMP2) was hypomethylated. Association of cg04316754 (MMP24) methylation levels with atherothrombotic risk was also observed in blood tissue: ISC-1 p-values = 0.03, ISC-2 p-value = 1.9 × 10-04. Conclusions: The results suggest different DNAm status of MMP24 between stable and unstable atherothrombotic carotid plaques, and between atherothrombotic stroke and controls in blood samples.
Gallego-Fabrega , C , Cullell , N , Soriano-Tárraga , C , Carrera , C , Torres-Aguila , N P , Muiño , E , Cárcel-Márquez , J , de Moura , M C , Fernández-Sanlés , A , Esteller , M , Elosua , R , Jiménez-Conde , J , Roquer , J , Montaner , J , Krupinski , J & Fernandez-Cadenas , I 2020 , ' DNA methylation of MMPs and TIMPs in atherothrombosis process in carotid plaques and blood tissues ' , Oncotarget , vol. 11 , no. 10 , pp. 905-912 . https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.27469
Copyright 2020 Gallego-Fabrega et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC BY 3.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
DescriptionFunding: This study was funded by the INVICTUS network, Generacion, Maestro EPIGENESIS, FEDER-ERDF, and BasicMar Regist projects from the Carlos III Health Institute, the AGAUR, the RecerCaixa 2013 and the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). I. Fernandez is recipient of a research contract from Miguel Servet Program from the Carlos III Health Institute (CPII17/00021). EPIGENESIS project (CarlosIII Institute, Marató TV3 and Fundació MútuaTerrassa).
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