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dc.contributor.authorBoyd, Ian L.
dc.contributor.authorFrisk, George
dc.contributor.authorUrban, Ed
dc.contributor.authorTyack, Peter
dc.contributor.authorAusubel, Jesse
dc.contributor.authorSeeyave, Sophie
dc.contributor.authorCato, Doug
dc.contributor.authorSouthall, Brandon
dc.contributor.authorWeise, Michael
dc.contributor.authorAndrew, Rex
dc.contributor.authorAkamatsu, Tomonari
dc.contributor.authorDekeling, Rene
dc.contributor.authorErbe, Christine
dc.contributor.authorFarmer, David
dc.contributor.authorGentry, Roger
dc.contributor.authorGross, Tom
dc.contributor.authorHawkins, Anthony
dc.contributor.authorLi, Fenghua
dc.contributor.authorMetcalf, Kathy
dc.contributor.authorMiller, James H.
dc.contributor.authorMoretti, David
dc.contributor.authorRodrigo, Cristian
dc.contributor.authorShinke, Tomio
dc.identifier.citationBoyd , I L , Frisk , G , Urban , E , Tyack , P , Ausubel , J , Seeyave , S , Cato , D , Southall , B , Weise , M , Andrew , R , Akamatsu , T , Dekeling , R , Erbe , C , Farmer , D , Gentry , R , Gross , T , Hawkins , A , Li , F , Metcalf , K , Miller , J H , Moretti , D , Rodrigo , C & Shinke , T 2011 , ' An International Quiet Ocean Experiment ' , Oceanography , vol. 24 , no. 2 , pp. 174-181 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 10336664
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 2f963feb-7052-4d6f-a43c-8cad0981103f
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000292348000019
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 79959293876
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8409-4790/work/60887830
dc.description.abstractThe effect of noise on marine life is one of the big unknowns of current marine science. Considerable evidence exists that the human contribution to ocean noise has increased during the past few decades: human noise has become the dominant component of marine noise in some regions, and noise is directly correlated with the increasing industrialization of the ocean. Sound is an important factor in the lives of many marine organisms, and theory and increasing observations suggest that human noise could be approaching levels at which negative effects on marine life may be occurring. Certain species already show symptoms of the effects of sound. Although some of these effects are acute and rare, chronic sublethal effects may be more prevalent, but are difficult to measure. We need to identify the thresholds of such effects for different species and be in a position to predict how increasing anthropogenic sound will add to the effects. To achieve such predictive capabilities, the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and the Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans (POGO) are developing an International Quiet Ocean Experiment (IQOE), with the objective of coordinating the international research community to both quantify the ocean soundscape and examine the functional relationship between sound and the viability of key marine organisms. SCOR and POGO will convene an open science meeting to gather community input on the important research, observations, and modeling activities that should be included in IQOE.
dc.rightsThis article has been published in Oceanography 24(2), a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright (c)2011 by The Oceanography Society. Permission is granted to copy this article for use in teaching and research. Republication, systematic reproduction, or collective redistribution of any portion of this article by photocopy machine, reposting, or other means is permitted only with the approval of The Oceanography Society.en
dc.subjectGC Oceanographyen
dc.titleAn International Quiet Ocean Experimenten
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sea Mammal Research Uniten
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Sound Tags Groupen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Bioacoustics groupen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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