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Title: An International Quiet Ocean Experiment
Authors: Boyd, Ian L.
Frisk, George
Urban, Ed
Tyack, Peter
Ausubel, Jesse
Seeyave, Sophie
Cato, Doug
Southall, Brandon
Weise, Michael
Andrew, Rex
Akamatsu, Tomonari
Dekeling, Rene
Erbe, Christine
Farmer, David
Gentry, Roger
Gross, Tom
Hawkins, Anthony
Li, Fenghua
Metcalf, Kathy
Miller, James H.
Moretti, David
Rodrigo, Cristian
Shinke, Tomio
Keywords: GC Oceanography
Issue Date: Jun-2011
Citation: Boyd , I L , Frisk , G , Urban , E , Tyack , P , Ausubel , J , Seeyave , S , Cato , D , Southall , B , Weise , M , Andrew , R , Akamatsu , T , Dekeling , R , Erbe , C , Farmer , D , Gentry , R , Gross , T , Hawkins , A , Li , F , Metcalf , K , Miller , J H , Moretti , D , Rodrigo , C & Shinke , T 2011 , ' An International Quiet Ocean Experiment ' Oceanography , vol 24 , no. 2 , pp. 174-181 . , 10.5670/oceanog.2011.37
Abstract: The effect of noise on marine life is one of the big unknowns of current marine science. Considerable evidence exists that the human contribution to ocean noise has increased during the past few decades: human noise has become the dominant component of marine noise in some regions, and noise is directly correlated with the increasing industrialization of the ocean. Sound is an important factor in the lives of many marine organisms, and theory and increasing observations suggest that human noise could be approaching levels at which negative effects on marine life may be occurring. Certain species already show symptoms of the effects of sound. Although some of these effects are acute and rare, chronic sublethal effects may be more prevalent, but are difficult to measure. We need to identify the thresholds of such effects for different species and be in a position to predict how increasing anthropogenic sound will add to the effects. To achieve such predictive capabilities, the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (SCOR) and the Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans (POGO) are developing an International Quiet Ocean Experiment (IQOE), with the objective of coordinating the international research community to both quantify the ocean soundscape and examine the functional relationship between sound and the viability of key marine organisms. SCOR and POGO will convene an open science meeting to gather community input on the important research, observations, and modeling activities that should be included in IQOE.
Version: Publisher PDF
Status: Peer reviewed
ISSN: 1042-8275
Type: Journal article
Rights: This article has been published in Oceanography 24(2), a quarterly journal of The Oceanography Society. Copyright (c)2011 by The Oceanography Society. Permission is granted to copy this article for use in teaching and research. Republication, systematic reproduction, or collective redistribution of any portion of this article by photocopy machine, reposting, or other means is permitted only with the approval of The Oceanography Society.
Appears in Collections:NERC Sea Mammal Research Unit (SMRU) Research
University of St Andrews Research
Biology Research
Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciences Research
Scottish Oceans Institute Research

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