Show simple item record

Files in this item


Item metadata

dc.contributor.authorKano, Fumihiro
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Richard
dc.contributor.authorKrupenye, Christopher.
dc.contributor.authorHirata, Satoshi
dc.contributor.authorTomonaga, Masaki
dc.contributor.authorCall, Josep
dc.identifier.citationKano , F , Moore , R , Krupenye , C , Hirata , S , Tomonaga , M & Call , J 2018 , ' Human ostensive signals do not enhance gaze following in chimpanzees, but do enhance object-oriented attention ' , Animal Cognition , vol. 21 , no. 5 , pp. 715-728 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 255042997
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 809724d0-92d1-4bbc-97e0-ab95b1e1d94e
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85050664094
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-8597-8336/work/47136594
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-2029-1872/work/47136658
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000441446100009
dc.descriptionFinancial support came from Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology [K-CONNEX to FK], Japan Society for Promotion of Science KAKENHI 26885040, 16K21108, and 18H05072 to FK, 26245069, 16H06301, 16H06283, and 18H05524 to SH, 15H05709, 16H06238, and JSPS-CCSN to MT, and JSPS-LGP-U04 and Great Ape Information Network to SH and MT, and the European Research Council [SOMICS 609819 to JC].en
dc.description.abstractThe previous studies have shown that human infants and domestic dogs follow the gaze of a human agent only when the agent has addressed them ostensively—e.g., by making eye contact, or calling their name. This evidence is interpreted as showing that they expect ostensive signals to precede referential information. The present study tested chimpanzees, one of the closest relatives to humans, in a series of eye-tracking experiments using an experimental design adapted from these previous studies. In the ostension conditions, a human actor made eye contact, called the participant’s name, and then looked at one of two objects. In the control conditions, a salient cue, which differed in each experiment (a colorful object, the actor’s nodding, or an eating action), attracted participants’ attention to the actor’s face, and then the actor looked at the object. Overall, chimpanzees followed the actor’s gaze to the cued object in both ostension and control conditions, and the ostensive signals did not enhance gaze following more than the control attention-getters. However, the ostensive signals enhanced subsequent attention to both target and distractor objects (but not to the actor’s face) more strongly than the control attention-getters—especially in the chimpanzees who had a close relationship with human caregivers. We interpret this as showing that chimpanzees have a simple form of communicative expectations on the basis of ostensive signals, but unlike human infants and dogs, they do not subsequently use the experimenter’s gaze to infer the intended referent. These results may reflect a limitation of non-domesticated species for interpreting humans’ ostensive signals in inter-species communication.
dc.relation.ispartofAnimal Cognitionen
dc.rights© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectGaze followingen
dc.subjectGreat apeen
dc.subjectOstensive signalsen
dc.subjectReferential communicationen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.subjectRC0321 Neuroscience. Biological psychiatry. Neuropsychiatryen
dc.titleHuman ostensive signals do not enhance gaze following in chimpanzees, but do enhance object-oriented attentionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.sponsorEuropean Research Councilen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record