Genome-scale CRISPR/Cas9 screen determines factors modulating sensitivity to ProTide NUC-1031
MetadataShow full item record
Altmetrics Handle Statistics
Altmetrics DOI Statistics
Gemcitabine is a fluoropyrimidine analogue that is used as a mainstay of chemotherapy treatment for pancreatic and ovarian cancers, amongst others. Despite its widespread use, gemcitabine achieves responses in less than 10% of patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer and has a very limited impact on overall survival due to intrinsic and acquired resistance. NUC-1031 (Acelarin), a phosphoramidate transformation of gemcitabine, was the first anti-cancer ProTide to enter the clinic. We find it displays important in vitro cytotoxicity differences to gemcitabine, and a genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 genetic screening approach identified only the pyrimidine metabolism pathway as modifying cancer cell sensitivity to NUC-1031. Low deoxycytidine kinase expression in tumour biopsies from patients treated with gemcitabine, assessed by immunostaining and image analysis, correlates with a poor prognosis, but there is no such correlation in tumour biopsies from a Phase I cohort treated with NUC-1031.
Sarr , A , Bré , J , Um , I H , Chan , T H , Mullen , P , Harrison , D J & Reynolds , P A 2019 , ' Genome-scale CRISPR/Cas9 screen determines factors modulating sensitivity to ProTide NUC-1031 ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 9 , 7643 . https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-44089-3
Copyright © The Author(s) 2019. Open Access. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
DescriptionA.S. is the recipient of a Medical Research Scotland PhD Studentship awarded to P.A.R. Edinburgh Genomics is partly supported through core grants from Natural Environment Research Council (R8/H10/56), Medical Research Council (MR/K001744/1) and Biotechnological and Biological Research Council (BB/J004243/1). Publication of this article was funded in part by the University of St Andrews Open Access Publishing Fund.
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.