Frequency modulated hybrid photonic crystal laser by thermal tuning
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We demonstrate frequency modulation (FM) in an external cavity (EC) III-V/silicon laser, comprising a reflective semiconductor optical amplifier (RSOA) and a silicon nitride (SiN) waveguide vertically coupled to a 2D silicon photonic crystal (PhC) cavity. The PhC cavity acts as a tunable narrowband reflector giving wavelength selectivity. The FM was achieved by thermo-optical modulation of the reflector via a p-n junction. Single-mode operation was ensured by the short cavity length, overlapping only one longitudinal laser mode with the reflector. We investigate the effect of reflector modulation theoretically and experimentally and predict a substantial tracking of the resonator by the laser frequency with very small intensity modulation (IM).
Butler , S M , Bakoz , A P , Singaravelu , P K J , Liles , A A , O’Shaughnessy , B , Viktorov , E A , O’Faolain , L & Hegarty , S P 2019 , ' Frequency modulated hybrid photonic crystal laser by thermal tuning ' , Optics Express , vol. 27 , no. 8 , pp. 11312-11322 . https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.27.011312
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DescriptionFunding: Science Foundation Ireland (SFI 12/RC/2276, SFI 16/ERCS/3838); Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) (doctoral grant EP/L505079/1); H2020 European Research Council (ERC) (starting grant 337508); Scottish Enterprise; Cork Institute of Technology (CIT) (Rísam); Irish Government’s Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions, Cycle 5, Strand 1a (CREATE).
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