A novel in situ diffusion strategy to fabricate high performance cathodes for low temperature proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells
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Developing new low-cost high-performance cobalt-free cathode materials for low temperature proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells (H-SOFCs) has been an imperative topic. In response to this challenge, we herein develop a novel in situ Pr diffusion strategy based on a Sm0.2Ce0.8O2-δ-Pr(Pr0.5Ba1.5)Cu3O7-δ (SDC-PBCu, 3:7 wt%) compound, to achieve a perovskite-related proton-blocking composite cathode (PBCC) Ce1-xPrxO2-δ-Ba2CeCu3O7.4-Sm2Ba1.33Ce0.67Cu3O9-CuO (PDC-BCC-SBCC-CuO) for BaZr0.1Ce0.7Y0.2O3-δ-based H-SOFCs. The single cell achieves a remarkable performance with a maximum power density (MPD) of 1000 and 566 mW cm-2, corresponding to the interfacial polarization resistance (RP) of 0.037 and 0.188 Ω cm2 at 700 and 600 °C, respectively. The XRD results demonstrate that the PBCu phase disappears after the calcination of the mixed SDC-PBCu composite powder at 900 °C, with the formation of four new phases including fluorite structured PDC, orthorhombic layered material BCC, tetragonal perovskite-related SBCC and a small quantity of metallic oxide CuO, being favorable for a superior cathode performance. The ascendant electrochemical performance including the very high MPD and the lower RP obtained here indicate that the quaternary cobalt-free PBCC PDC-BCC-SBCC-CuO is a preferable alternative for high-performance low-temperature H-SOFCs.
Hou , J , Miao , L , Hui , J , Bi , L , Liu , W & Irvine , J T S 2018 , ' A novel in situ diffusion strategy to fabricate high performance cathodes for low temperature proton-conducting solid oxide fuel cells ' Journal of Materials Chemistry A , vol. 6 , no. 22 , pp. 10411-10420 . https://doi.org/10.1039/c8ta00859k
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
© 2018 The Author(s). This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at: https://doi.org/10.1039/C8TA00859K
DescriptionThis work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No.: 21676261, U1632131 and 51602238). The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Royal Society of Edinburgh for a RSE BP Hutton Prize in Energy Innovation and EPSRC Platform grant, EP/K015540/1. We also would like to thank the support from the China Scholarship Council (No. 201606340101).
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