Synthesis, characterization and optoelectronic properties of iridium complexes bearing nonconjugated six-membered chelating ligands
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We report the synthesis, characterization and the optoelectronic properties of a series of four new luminescent iridium(III) complexes 1-4 , of the form [Ir(C^N)2(N^N)]PF6 [where C^N is the nonconjugated benzylpyridinato (bnpy) and N^N is a neutral diimine ancillary ligand] with the goal of investigating the impact of the methylene spacer between the coordination moieties of the C^N ligand on the optoelectronic properties of the complexes. The crystal structures of 1-3 illustrate two possible orientations of the methylene unit of the bnpy ligand. The formation of these two separate conformers is a result of the conformational flexibility of the bnpy ligand. In complexes 3 and 4 , mixtures of the two conformers were observed by 1H-NMR spectroscopy in CDCl3 at room temperature, whereas only a single conformer is detected for 1 and 2 . Detailed DFT calculations corroborate ROESY experiments, accounting for the presence and relative populations of the two conformers. The optoelectronic properties of all four complexes, rationalized by the theoretical study, demonstrate that the interruption of conjugation in the C^N ligands results in a reduced electrochemical gap but similar triplet state energies and lower photoluminescence quantum yields compared to the reference complexes R1-R4 . Depending on the nature of the N^N ligand, we observe (1) marked variations of the ratio of the conformers at ambient temperature and (2) phosphorescence ranging from yellow to red.
Hierlinger , C , Pal , A K , Stella , F , Lebl , T , Cordes , D B , Slawin , A M Z , Jacquemin , D , Guerchais , V & Zysman-Colman , E 2018 , ' Synthesis, characterization and optoelectronic properties of iridium complexes bearing nonconjugated six-membered chelating ligands ' , Inorganic Chemistry , vol. 57 , no. 4 , pp. 2023-2034 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b02940
© 2018, American Chemical Society. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created accepted version manuscript following peer review and as such may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b02940
DescriptionThe authors thank the EPSRC UK National Mass Spectrometry Facility at Swansea University for analytical services. C.H. acknowledges the Région Bretagne, France for funding. D.J. acknowledges the European Research Council and the Région des Pays de la Loire for financial support in the framework of a Starting Grant (Marches - 278845) and the LUMOMAT RFI project, respectively. This research used resources of 1) the GENCI-CINES/IDRIS, 2) the CCIPL (Centre de Calcul Intensif des Pays de Loire), 3) a local Troy cluster. E.Z.-C. acknowledges the University of St. Andrews and EPSRC (EP/M02105X/1) for financial support.
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