Erythritol attenuates postprandial blood glucose by inhibiting α-glucosidase
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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious metabolic disorder where impaired postprandial blood glucose regulation often leads to severe health complications. The natural chemical, erythritol is a C4 polyol approved by FDA for use as a sweetener. Here we examined a potential role for erythritol in the control of postprandial blood glucose levels in DM. An anti-postprandial hyperglycemia effect upon erythritol administration (500 mg kg-1) was demonstrated in alloxan-induced DM model mice by monitoring changes in blood glucose after intragastric administration of drugs and starch. We also found that erythritol most likely exerts its anti-postprandial hyperglycemic activities by inhibiting α-glucosidase in a competitive manner. This was supported by enzyme activity assays and molecular modelling experiments. In the latter experiments it was possible to successful dock erythritol into the catalytic pocket of α-glucosidase, with the resultant interaction likely to be driven by electrostatic interactions involving Asp 215, Asp69 and Arg446 residues. This study suggests that erythritol may not only serve as a glucose substitute but may also be a useful agent in the treatment of diabetes mellitus to help manage postprandial blood glucose levels.
Wen , H , Tang , B , Stewart , A J , Tao , Y , Shao , Y , Cui , Y , Yue , H , Pei , J , Liu , Z , Mei , L , Yu , R & Jiang , L 2018 , ' Erythritol attenuates postprandial blood glucose by inhibiting α-glucosidase ' , Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , vol. 66 , no. 6 , pp. 1401-1407 . https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b05033
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
© 2018, American Chemical Society. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b05033
DescriptionThis work was supported by grants from Natural Science Foundation of Qinghai (No. 2016-ZJ-942Q), West Light Foundation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. Y629071211), National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 31701243), International Cooperative Projects of Qinghai province (No. 2017-HZ-811), Project of Discovery, Evaluation and Transformation of Active Natural Compounds, Strategic Biological Resources Service Network Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. ZSTH-027), Major Special Science and Technology Projects in Qinghai Province (2014-GX-A3A-01).
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