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dc.contributor.authorO'Hare, Bernadette Ann-Marie
dc.contributor.authorMfutso Bengo, Eva Maria
dc.contributor.authorDevakumar, Delan
dc.contributor.authorMfutso Bengo, Joseph
dc.identifier.citationO'Hare , B A-M , Mfutso Bengo , E M , Devakumar , D & Mfutso Bengo , J 2018 , ' Survival rights for children : what are the national and global barriers? ' , African Human Rights Law Journal , vol. 18 , no. 2 , pp. 508-526 .
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0003-1730-7941/work/54819240
dc.description.abstractMost children die in low and middle-income countries as a result of structural injustice, and while it may not be possible to prove causality between economic policies and breaches of rights, it is possible to audit policy and practices through the lens of human rights. Child health advocates need to highlight the fact that technical interventions, in the absence of action on structural injustice, cannot address the fundamental causes of poor health. It could even be said that we collude in the fallacy that injustices can be solved with technical solutions. The determinants of health, water, food, shelter, primary education and health care are minimum core human rights, are the rights required for survival and today should be available to every child (and their families) in all countries. However, there are national and global limitations on the ability of countries to determine policy and generate the revenue required for core human rights. The authors conducted a review of the literature on the main leakages from government revenues in low and middle-income countries to identify obstacles to children enjoying their right to survival. Based on the review the authors suggest a framework for an upstream audit that can be carried out, country by country, to identify barriers in terms of policies and the generation, allocation and utilisation of revenues. This audit involves systematically screening the policies and practices of the main actors: national governments, high-income country partners, multinational enterprises, and international organisations, for possible influence on the realisation of human rights. Human rights advocates and child health associations could lead or commission an upstream audit on behalf of children in their countries in order to identify the fundamental causes and real remedies.
dc.relation.ispartofAfrican Human Rights Law Journalen
dc.subjectMinimum core economic and social rightsen
dc.subjectHuman rights impact assessmenten
dc.subjectEconomic policiesen
dc.subjectDuty bearersen
dc.subjectLow and middle-income countriesen
dc.subjectSocio-economic rightsen
dc.subjectSurvival Rightsen
dc.subjectChildren’s rightsen
dc.subjectHV Social pathology. Social and public welfareen
dc.subjectK Lawen
dc.subjectRJ Pediatricsen
dc.subjectSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen
dc.titleSurvival rights for children : what are the national and global barriers?en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Infection and Global Health Divisionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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