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dc.contributor.authorPollard, Edward
dc.contributor.authorBates, Charles Richard
dc.contributor.authorIchumbaki, Elgidius
dc.contributor.authorBita, Caesar
dc.identifier.citationPollard , E , Bates , C R , Ichumbaki , E & Bita , C 2016 , ' Shipwreck evidence from Kilwa, Tanzania ' , International Journal of Nautical Archaeology , vol. 45 , no. 2 , pp. 352-369 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 242951128
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 94c4b1af-ffc7-4ca7-afe3-9b3c571809e0
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84977662300
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-9147-7151/work/29591576
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000383864400009
dc.descriptionFieldwork was funded by National Geographic Society (NGS) and British Institute in Eastern Africa (BIEA).en
dc.description.abstractThis article reports on the artefacts and environment of marine ballast and pottery sites identified through inter-tidal and underwater survey around Kilwa, Tanzania, one of the most important medieval sultanates along the east African coast. An inter-tidal site on the limestone fringing reef on the approaches to Kilwa Kisiwani Harbour and an underwater site within the harbour have been dated from associated pottery to c.8th–10th century and the 13th–16th century respectively. The presence of exotic basalt ballast is discussed as an indicator of wreck-sites.
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Nautical Archaeologyen
dc.rights© 2016 The Authors. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology © 2016 The Nautical Archaeology Society. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectBasalt ballasten
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.titleShipwreck evidence from Kilwa, Tanzaniaen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Geography and Geosciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Earth and Environmental Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Centre for Ancient Environmental Studiesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Marine Alliance for Science & Technology Scotlanden
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. Scottish Oceans Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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