Shipwreck evidence from Kilwa, Tanzania
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This article reports on the artefacts and environment of marine ballast and pottery sites identified through inter-tidal and underwater survey around Kilwa, Tanzania, one of the most important medieval sultanates along the east African coast. An inter-tidal site on the limestone fringing reef on the approaches to Kilwa Kisiwani Harbour and an underwater site within the harbour have been dated from associated pottery to c.8th–10th century and the 13th–16th century respectively. The presence of exotic basalt ballast is discussed as an indicator of wreck-sites.
Pollard , E , Bates , C R , Ichumbaki , E & Bita , C 2016 , ' Shipwreck evidence from Kilwa, Tanzania ' International Journal of Nautical Archaeology , vol. 45 , no. 2 , pp. 352-369 . DOI: 10.1111/1095-9270.12185
International Journal of Nautical Archaeology
© 2016 The Authors. International Journal of Nautical Archaeology © 2016 The Nautical Archaeology Society. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1095-9270.12185
DescriptionFieldwork was funded by National Geographic Society (NGS) and British Institute in Eastern Africa (BIEA).
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