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dc.contributor.authorMulder, Machiel
dc.contributor.authorScholtens, Bert
dc.identifier.citationMulder , M & Scholtens , B 2016 , ' A plant-level analysis of the spill-over effects of the German Energiewende ' , Applied Energy , vol. 183 , pp. 1259-1271 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 246457720
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d3b72e97-000e-47d5-a081-7fb80cf7dbdc
dc.identifier.otherRIS: urn:43992A125A22629F51893B556D42ADCA
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84989196110
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5774-5191/work/27162425
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000395726400030
dc.description.abstractIn order to analyse international effects of national energy policies, we investigate the spill-over effects of the German Energiewende on the Dutch power market, which is closely connected to the German market. We estimate the impact of the German supply of wind and solar electricity on the Dutch day-ahead price of electricity and the utilisation of the conventional power plants. We take cross-border capacity constraints into account and use hourly plant-level data over 2006–2014. We find that the price elasticity of German wind on Dutch day-ahead prices is −0.03. However, this effect vanishes when the cross-border capacity is fully utilised. We find a modest negative impact on the utilisation of the Dutch power plants. As such, we conclude that the German Energiewende has had modest spill-over effects to the Dutch market. The recent dramatic performance of the Dutch gas-fired plants can be attributed to the changes in the relative prices of coal versus natural gas. We conclude that national energy policies in one country do not necessarily strongly affect neighbouring markets in case of constrained cross-border capacities.
dc.relation.ispartofApplied Energyen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. This work is made available online in accordance with publisher's policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version is available at
dc.subjectEnergy transitionen
dc.subjectRenewable energyen
dc.subjectFuel efficiencyen
dc.subjectCross-border spill-oversen
dc.subjectTransport capacityen
dc.subjectHD Industries. Land use. Laboren
dc.titleA plant-level analysis of the spill-over effects of the German Energiewendeen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Managementen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Responsible Banking and Financeen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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