Contracts and cooperation : the relative failure of the Irish dairy industry in the late nineteenth century reconsidered
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Why did the establishment of cooperative creameries in late nineteenth century Ireland fail to halt the relative decline of her dairy industry compared to other emerging producers? This paper compares the Irish experience with that of the market leader, Denmark, and shows how each adopted the cooperative organizational form, but highlights that an important difference was institutional: specifically regarding the enforcement of vertically binding contracts. We argue that this failure, combined with a strong proprietary sector which was opposed to cooperation, reinforced the already difficult conditions for dairying in Ireland due to poor social capital.
Henriksen , I , McLaughlin , E & Sharp , P 2015 , ' Contracts and cooperation : the relative failure of the Irish dairy industry in the late nineteenth century reconsidered ' European Review of Economic History , vol Advance access . DOI: 10.1093/ereh/hev012
European Review of Economic History
© The Authors 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Historical Economics Society. All rights reserved. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ereh/hev012
Ingrid Henriksen gratefully acknowledges the financial support from the Carlsberg Foundation and Eoin McLaughlin graciously acknowledges support from the Leverhulme Foundation.
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