Towards a quantitative description of tunneling conductance of superconductors : application to LiFeAs
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Since the discovery of iron-based superconductors, a number of theories have been put forward to explain the qualitative origin of pairing, but there have been few attempts to make quantitative, material-specific comparisons to experimental results. The spin-fluctuation theory of electronic pairing, based on first principles electronic structure calculations, makes predictions for the superconducting gap. Within the same framework, the surface wavefunctions may also be calculated, allowing e.g. for detailed comparisons between theoretical results and measured scanning tunneling topographs and spectra. Here we present such a comparison between theory and experiment on the Fe-based superconductor LiFeAs. Results for the homogeneous surface as well as impurity states are presented as a benchmark test of the theory. For the homogeneous system, we show that and why the maxima of topographic image intensity may be located at positions above either the As or Li atoms, depending on tip height and the setpoint current of the measurement. We further report the experimental observation of transitions between As and Li-registered lattices as functions of both tip height and setpoint bias, in agreement with this prediction. Next, we give a detailed comparison between the simulated scanning tunneling microscopy images of transition metal defects with experiment. Finally, we discuss possible extensions of the current framework to obtain a theory with true predictive power for STM in Fe-based systems.
Kreisel , A , Nelson , R , Berlijn , T , Ku , W , Aluru , R , Chi , S , Zhou , H , Singh , U R , Wahl , P , Liang , R , Hardy , W N , Bonn , D A , Hirschfeld , P J & Andersen , B M 2016 , ' Towards a quantitative description of tunneling conductance of superconductors : application to LiFeAs ' , Physical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics , vol. 94 , no. 22 , 224518 . https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.94.224518
Physical Review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics
© 2016, American Physical Society. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at journals.aps.org/prb / https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.94.224518
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