Exploration of a potential difluoromethyl-nucleoside substrate with the fluorinase enzyme
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The investigation of a difluoromethyl-bearing nucleoside with the fluorinase enzyme is described. 5’,5’–Difluoro-5’-deoxyadenosine 7 (F2DA) was synthesised from adenosine, and found to bind to the fluorinase enzyme by isothermal titration calorimetry with similar affinity compared to 5’–fluoro-5’-deoxyadenosine 2 (FDA), the natural product of the enzymatic reaction. F2DA 7 was found, however, not to undergo the enzyme catalysed reaction with l–selenomethionine, unlike FDA 2, which undergoes reaction with l-selenomethionine to generate Se-adenosylselenomethionine. A co-crystal structure of the fluorinase and F2DA 7 and tartrate was solved to 1.8 Å, and revealed that the difluoromethyl group bridges interactions known to be essential for activation of fluoride for reaction. An unusual hydrogen bonding interaction between the hydrogen of the difluoromethyl group and one of the hydroxyl oxygens of the tartrate ligand was also observed. The bridging interactions, coupled with the inherently stronger C–F bond in the difluoromethyl group, offers an explanation for why no reaction is observed.
Thompson , S , McMahon , S , Naismith , J & O'Hagan , D 2015 , ' Exploration of a potential difluoromethyl-nucleoside substrate with the fluorinase enzyme ' Bioorganic Chemistry , vol In press . DOI: 10.1016/j.bioorg.2015.11.003
Copyright © 2015 Published by Elsevier Inc. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at: https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bioorg.2015.11.003
The authors thank EPSRC and the Scottish Imaging Network (SINAPSE) for grants. DO’H thanks the Royal Society for a Wolfson Research Merit Award and ST is grateful to the John and Kathleen Watson Scholarship for financial support.