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dc.contributor.authorBeasley, Ryan K.
dc.contributor.authorKaarbo, Juliet
dc.identifier.citationBeasley , R K & Kaarbo , J 2018 , ' Casting for a sovereign role : socialising an aspirant state in the Scottish independence referendum ' , European Journal of International Relations , vol. 24 , no. 1 , pp. 8-32 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 247624569
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 54da164f-8e99-4136-ba83-c45ec61fd097
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85042095297
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000425037700002
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-7928-6504/work/76386960
dc.description.abstractThis article examines international reactions to Scotland’s 2014 bid for independence as an instance of socialisation of an aspirant state, what we term ‘pre-socialisation’. Building on and contributing to research on state socialisation and role theory, this study proposes a nexus between roles and sovereignty. This nexus has three components: sovereignty itself is a role casted for by an actor; the sovereign role is entangled with the substantive foreign policy roles the actor might play; and the sovereign role implicates the substantive foreign policy roles of other actors. The Scottish debate on independence provides an effective laboratory to develop and explore these theoretical dimensions of pre-socialisation, revealing the contested value and meaning of sovereignty, the possible roles that an independent Scotland could play, and the projected implications for the role of the UK and other international actors. Our analysis of the Scottish case can provide insights for other cases of pre-socialisation and is more empirically significant following the UK’s 2016 referendum to leave the European Union.
dc.relation.ispartofEuropean Journal of International Relationsen
dc.rights© 2016 the Authors. This work has been made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work will be available at /
dc.subjectRole theoryen
dc.subjectScottish independenceen
dc.subjectUnited Kingdomen
dc.subjectJZ International relationsen
dc.titleCasting for a sovereign role : socialising an aspirant state in the Scottish independence referendumen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of International Relationsen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Global Law and Governanceen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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