Cascaded emission of single photons from the biexciton in monolayered WSe2
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Monolayers of transition metal dichalcogenide materials emerged as a new material class to study excitonic effects in solid state, as they benefit from enormous Coulomb correlations between electrons and holes. Especially in WSe2, sharp emission features have been observed at cryogenic temperatures, which act as single photon sources. Tight exciton localization has been assumed to induce an anharmonic excitation spectrum; however, the evidence of the hypothesis, namely the demonstration of a localized biexciton, is elusive. Here we unambiguously demonstrate the existence of a localized biexciton in a monolayer of WSe2, which triggers an emission cascade of single photons. The biexciton is identified by its time-resolved photoluminescence, superlinearity and distinct polarization in micro-photoluminescence experiments. We evidence the cascaded nature of the emission process in a cross-correlation experiment, which yields a strong bunching behaviour. Our work paves the way to a new generation of quantum optics experiments with two-dimensional semiconductors.
He , Y-M , Iff , O , Baumann , V , Davanco , M , Srinivasan , K , Höfling , S & Schneider , C 2016 , ' Cascaded emission of single photons from the biexciton in monolayered WSe 2 ' Nature Communications , vol 7 , 13409 . DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13409
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This work has been supported by the State of Bavaria and the European Research Council (Project UnLiMIt-2D).
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