Near-infrared exciton-polaritons in strongly coupled single-walled carbon nanotube microcavities
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Exciton-polaritons form upon strong coupling between electronic excitations of a material and photonic states of a surrounding microcavity. In organic semiconductors the special nature of excited states leads to particularly strong coupling and facilitates condensation of exciton-polaritons at room temperature, which may lead to electrically pumped organic polariton lasers. However, charge carrier mobility and photo-stability in currently used materials is limited and exciton-polariton emission so far has been restricted to visible wavelengths. Here, we demonstrate strong light-matter coupling in the near infrared using single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) in a polymer matrix in a planar metal-clad cavity. By exploiting the exceptional oscillator strength and sharp excitonic transition of (6,5) SWCNTs, we achieve large Rabi splitting (> 110 meV), efficient polariton relaxation and narrow band emission (< 15 meV). Given their high charge carrier mobility and excellent photostability, SWCNTs represent a promising new avenue towards practical exciton-polariton devices operating at telecommunication wavelengths.
Graf , A , Tropf , L C , Zakharko , Y , Zaumseil , J & Gather , M C 2016 , ' Near-infrared exciton-polaritons in strongly coupled single-walled carbon nanotube microcavities ' Nature Communications , vol 7 , 13078 . DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13078
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This research was financially supported by the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC Grant Agreement No. 306298 (EN-LUMINATE) and under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (FP/2014-2020)/ERC Grant Agreement No. 640012 (ABLASE), by EPSRC through the CM-DTC (EP/L015110/1) and by the Scottish Funding Council through SUPA. J.Z. thanks the Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach-Stiftung via the “Alfried Krupp Förderpreis für junge Hochschullehrer” for general support.
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