The “social” aspect of social-ecological systems : a critique of analytical frameworks and findings from a multisite study of coastal sustainability
MetadataShow full item record
We evaluate whether society can adequately be conceptualized as a component of social-ecological systems, given social theory and the current outputs of systems-based research. A mounting critique from the social sciences posits that resilience theory has undertheorized social entities with the concept of social-ecological systems. We trace the way that use of the term has evolved, relating to social science theory. Scientometic and network analysis provide a wide range of empirical data about the origin, growth, and use of this term in academic literature. A content analysis of papers in Ecology and Society demonstrates a marked emphasis in research on institutions, economic incentives, land use, population, social networks, and social learning. These findings are supported by a review of systems science in 18 coastal assessments. This reveals that a systems-based conceptualization tends to limit the kinds of social science research favoring quantitative couplings of social and ecological components and downplaying interpretive traditions of social research. However, the concept of social-ecological systems remains relevant because of the central insights concerning the dynamic coupling between humans and the environment, and its salient critique about the need for multidisciplinary approaches to solve real world problems, drawing on heuristic devices. The findings of this study should lead to more circumspection about whether a systems approach warrants such claims to comprehensiveness. Further methodological advances are required for interdisciplinarity. Yet there is evidence that systems approaches remain highly productive and useful for considering certain social components such as land use and hybrid ecological networks. We clarify advantages and restrictions of utilizing such a concept, and propose a reformulation that supports engagement with wider traditions of research in the social sciences.
Stojanovic , T , McNae , H , Tett , P , Potts , T W , Reis , J , Smith , H D & Dillingham , I 2016 , ' The “social” aspect of social-ecological systems : a critique of analytical frameworks and findings from a multisite study of coastal sustainability ' , Ecology and Society , vol. 21 , no. 3 , 15 . https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-08633-210315
Ecology and Society
© 2016, the Authors. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the final published version of the work, which was originally published at http://dx.doi.org/10.5751/ES-08633-210315.
DescriptionThe work described here was partly funded by the European Commission’s FP6 contract 036992.
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Strength in a weakened state : interpreting Hizb’allah’s experiences as a social movement and governing coalition in Lebanon 1985-2013 Bernhoff, Arthur (University of St Andrews, 2015-06-23) - ThesisThis study investigates Hizb’allah’s successful but competing dual development as an extra-institutional Shi’a social movement and an institutional political party. Hizb’allah has traditionally been studied from the ...
Stability or renewal : the judicialisation of representative democracy in American and German constitutionalism Miles, David Jonathan (University of St Andrews, 2017-06-20) - ThesisThis thesis examines how American and German constitutionalism, as shaped by the U.S. Supreme Court and the German Constitutional Court (Bundesverfassungsgericht), have mediated the tension between threats to stability and ...
A bias-corrected exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis of right-wing authoritarianism : Support for a three-factor structure Mavor, Kenneth I.; Louis, Winnifred R.; Sibley, Chris G. (2010-01) - Journal articleThe factor structure of right-wing authoritarianism (RWA) remains a contentious issue. Although designed to measure three underlying attitude clusters, aggression, submission and conventionalism, many items are deliberately ...