A link between attentional function, effective eye movements and driving ability
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The misallocation of driver visual attention has been suggested as a major contributing factor to vehicle accidents. One possible reason is that the relatively high cognitive demands of driving limits the ability to efficiently allocate gaze. We present an experiment that explores the relationship between attentional function and visual performance when driving. Drivers performed two variations of a multiple object tracking task targeting aspects of cognition including sustained attention, dual-tasking, covert attention and visuomotor skill. They also drove a number of courses in a driving simulator. Eye movements were recorded throughout. We found that individuals who performed better in the cognitive tasks exhibited more effective eye movement strategies when driving, such as scanning more of the road, and they also exhibited better driving performance. We discuss the potential link between an individual's attentional function, effective eye movements and driving ability. We also discuss the use of a visuomotor task in assessing driving behaviour.
MacKenzie , A K & Harris , J 2017 , ' A link between attentional function, effective eye movements and driving ability ' Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance , vol 43 , no. 2 , pp. 381-394 . DOI: 10.1037/xhp0000297
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance
Copyright 2016 the Author(s). This article has been published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Copyright for this article is retained by the author(s). Author(s) grant(s) the American Psychological Association the exclusive right to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
This work was supported by the Engineering and the Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) under Grant EP/K503162/1.
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