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dc.contributor.authorHyland, Sabine
dc.identifier.citationHyland , S 2016 , ' How khipus indicated labour contributions in an Andean village: an explanation of colour banding, seriation and ethnocategories ' , Journal of Material Culture , vol. 21 , no. 4 , pp. 490-509 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 244607739
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: d71324f3-bb25-4e98-a4dc-925500a35f18
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 85002273500
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000389671600005
dc.descriptionThis research was supported by a Global Exploration Grant from the National Geographic Society (GEFNE120-14).en
dc.description.abstractNew archival and ethnographic evidence reveals that Inka style khipus were used in the Andean community of Santiago de Anchucaya to record contributions to communal labour obligations until the 1940s. Archival testimony from the last khipu specialist in Anchucaya, supplemented by interviews with his grandson, provides the first known expert explanation for how goods, labour obligations, and social groups were indicated on Inka style Andean khipus. This evidence, combined with the analysis of Anchucaya khipus in the Museo Nacional de Arqueología, Antropología y Historia Peruana, furnishes a local model for the relationship between the two most frequent colour patterns (colour banding and seriation) that occur in khipus. In this model, colour banding is associated with individual data whilst seriation is associated with aggregated data. The archival and ethnographic evidence also explains how labour and goods were categorized in uniquely Andean ways as they were represented on khipus.
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Material Cultureen
dc.rights© The Author 2016. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at
dc.subjectWriting systemen
dc.subjectGN Anthropologyen
dc.titleHow khipus indicated labour contributions in an Andean village: an explanation of colour banding, seriation and ethnocategoriesen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Social Anthropologyen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Philosophical, Anthropological and Film Studiesen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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