The influence of blend ratio and processing additive on free carrier yield and mobility in PTB7:PC71BM photovoltaic solar cells
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Charge separation and extraction dynamics were investigated in high performance bulk heterojunction solar cells made from the polymer PTB7 and the soluble fullerene PC71BM on a broad time scale from sub-picosecond to microseconds using ultrafast optical probing of carrier drift and the integral-mode photocurrent measurements. We show that the short circuit current is determined by the separation of charge pairs into free carriers which is strongly influenced by blend composition. This separation is found to be efficient in fullerene-rich blends where a high electron mobility of > 0.1 cm2V-1s-1 is observed in the first 10 ps after excitation. Morphology optimization using the solvent additive 1,8-di-iodooctane (DIO) doubles the charge pair separation efficiency and the short circuit current. Carrier extraction at low internal electric field is slightly faster from the cells prepared with DIO which can reduce recombination losses and enhance a fill factor.
Pranculis , V , Ruseckas , A , Vithanage , D A , Hedley , G J , Samuel , I D W & Gulbinas , V 2016 , ' The influence of blend ratio and processing additive on free carrier yield and mobility in PTB7:PC 71 BM photovoltaic solar cells ' Journal of Physical Chemistry C , vol 120 , no. 18 , pp. 9588-9594 . DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b01548
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
Copyright 2016 American Chemical Society. This is an open access article published under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the author and source are cited.
DescriptionThis work was supported by the Research Council of Lithuania (project MIP-85/2015), the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council of the UK (grants EP/J009016/1 and EP/L012294/1) and the European Research Council of the European Union (grant 321305). I.D.W.S. also acknowledges support from a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award. D.A.V. is grateful to Supergen SuperSolar Hub for the travel grant.
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