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dc.contributor.authorStove, A.G.
dc.contributor.authorRobertson, D.A.
dc.contributor.authorMacfarlane, D.G.
dc.identifier.citationStove , A G , Robertson , D A & Macfarlane , D G 2014 , Littoral sea clutter returns at 94GHz . in 2014 International Radar Conference (Radar 2014) . , 7060308 , 2014 International Radar Conference , IEEE , Radar Conference (Radar), 2014 International , Lille , France , 13/10/14 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 190537554
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: dee79fb1-08fd-478e-a75c-84ce6037b3b8
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84946689462
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-4042-2772/work/42588106
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000382379800070
dc.description.abstractThis paper reports and discusses measurements made of the returns from sea clutter in the littoral at 94GHz using the SAFIRE demonstration radar. These measurements add significantly to the limited data which is available on sea clutter at 94GHz as well as showing how a radar developed to assist the public understanding of technology can also be used for research purposes. Littoral clutter measurements are proportionately more important at 94GHz than at lower frequencies because the short range of radars at these frequencies means that they are much more likely to be operating in this environment than in the open sea. The measurements show peak backscatter levels of about -22dB (sea state 3, 2° grazing angle), but this is concentrated around the breaking wave crests, and the mean value is close to the -30dB reported by other workers. At the high range resolutions used, the resultant distributions appear very longtailed. The data also shows a useful insight into the behaviour of sea clutter when viewed with circular polarisation, for which the peak values are similar to those observed with linear polarisations, but the mean values are much lower.
dc.relation.ispartof2014 International Radar Conference (Radar 2014)en
dc.relation.ispartofseries2014 International Radar Conferenceen
dc.rights© 2014, IEEE. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at /
dc.subjectCircular polarisationen
dc.subjectSea clutteren
dc.subjectQC Physicsen
dc.subjectComputer Science Applicationsen
dc.subjectComputer Networks and Communicationsen
dc.subjectSignal Processingen
dc.subjectElectrical and Electronic Engineeringen
dc.titleLittoral sea clutter returns at 94GHzen
dc.typeConference itemen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Physics and Astronomyen

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