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dc.contributor.authorHubbard, Gill
dc.contributor.authorGorely, Trish
dc.contributor.authorOzakinci, Gozde
dc.contributor.authorPolson, Rob
dc.contributor.authorForbat, Liz
dc.identifier.citationHubbard , G , Gorely , T , Ozakinci , G , Polson , R & Forbat , L 2016 , ' A systematic review and narrative summary of family-based smoking cessation interventions to help adults quit smoking ' , BMC Family Practice , vol. 17 , 73 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 241610257
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: b209032a-cb0e-4e8f-bec9-de089d9ffd39
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84978179928
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-5869-3274/work/27163463
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000378675600001
dc.description.abstractBackground: Smoking is the most significant preventable cause of morbidity and early mortality in the world. The family is an influential context in which smoking behaviour occurs. Methods: A systematic review and narrative summary of family-based interventions to help adults quit smoking was conducted. Results: Eight controlled trials were included. Risk of bias was high. The smoking-related outcome of the intervention was self-reported smoking status/abstinence, validated by objective measures (including saliva thiocynate or breath carbon monoxide). Follow-up ranged from six weeks to five years. The main target groups were: pregnant women (1), pregnant women who smoked (2), men at risk of cardiovascular disease (2), adult smokers (1), parents who smoked (1) and couples who both smoked (1). Interventions included family members but most did not go further by drawing on family, systemic or relational theories to harness the influence of family on smoking behaviour. Only three studies directly compared the effects on smoking behaviour of a family-based (i.e. interventions that involve a member of the family) versus an individual-based (i.e. interventions that use behaviour change techniques that focus on the individual) intervention. None of these studies found significant differences between groups on the smoking behaviour of the main target group. Conclusions: We have yet to develop family-based smoking cessation interventions that harness or re-direct the influence of family members on smoking behaviour in a positive way. Thus, it is likely that individualised-approaches to smoking cessation will prevail.
dc.relation.ispartofBMC Family Practiceen
dc.rights© 2016 The Author(s). Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stateden
dc.subjectSmoking cessationen
dc.subjectIntervention studiesen
dc.subjectSystematic reviewen
dc.subjectHQ The family. Marriage. Womanen
dc.subjectRA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicineen
dc.titleA systematic review and narrative summary of family-based smoking cessation interventions to help adults quit smokingen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.St Andrews Sustainability Instituteen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Medicineen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Health Psychologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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