A 6% measurement of the Hubble parameter at z~0.45 : direct evidence of the epoch of cosmic re-acceleration
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Deriving the expansion history of the Universe is a major goal of modern cosmology. To date, the most accurate measurements have been obtained with Type Ia Supernovae (SNe) and Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO), providing evidence for the existence of a transition epoch at which the expansion rate changes from decelerated to accelerated. However, these results have been obtained within the framework of specific cosmological models that must be implicitly or explicitly assumed in the measurement. It is therefore crucial to obtain measurements of the accelerated expansion of the Universe independently of assumptions on cosmological models. Here we exploit the unprecedented statistics provided by the Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (BOSS, [1-3]) Data Release 9 to provide new constraints on the Hubble parameter H(z) using the cosmic chronometers approach. We extract a sample of more than 130000 of the most massive and passively evolving galaxies, obtaining five new cosmology-independent H(z) measurements in the redshift range 0.3 < z < 0.5, with an accuracy of ~11–16% incorporating both statistical and systematic errors. Once combined, these measurements yield a 6% accuracy constraint of H(z = 0.4293) = 91.8 ± 5.3 km/s/Mpc. The new data are crucial to provide the first cosmology-independent determination of the transition redshift at high statistical significance, measuring zt = 0.4 ± 0.1, and to significantly disfavor the null hypothesis of no transition between decelerated and accelerated expansion at 99.9% confidence level. This analysis highlights the wide potential of the cosmic chronometers approach: it permits to derive constraints on the expansion history of the Universe with results competitive with standard probes, and most importantly, being the estimates independent of the cosmological model, it can constrain cosmologies beyond—and including—the ΛCDM model.
Moresco , M , Pozzetti , L , Cimatti , A , Jimenez , R , Maraston , C , Verde , L , Thomas , D , Citro , A , Tojeiro , R & Wilkinson , D 2016 , ' A 6% measurement of the Hubble parameter at z ~0.45 : direct evidence of the epoch of cosmic re-acceleration ' , Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics , vol. 2016 , 014 , pp. 1-30 . https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2016/05/014
Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
© 2016, IOP Publishing Ltd and Sissa Medialab srl. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final published version of this work is available at iopscience.iop.org / https://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2016/05/014
DescriptionMM, LP and AC acknowledge financial contributions by grants ASI/INAF I/023/12/0 and PRIN MIUR 2010-2011 "The dark Universe and the cosmic evolution of baryons: from current surveys to Euclid". RJ and LV thank the Royal Society for financial support and the ICIC at Imperial College for hospitality while this work was being completed. LV is supported by the European Research Council under the European Community's Seventh Framework Programme FP7-IDEAS-Phys.LSS 240117. Funding for this work was partially provided by the Spanish MINECO under projects AYA2014-58747-P and MDM-2014-0369 of ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu") Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science.
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