Empirical testing of Genuine Savings as an indicator of weak sustainability : a three-country analysis of long-run trends
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Genuine Savings has emerged as a widely-used indicator of sustainable development. This approach to conceptualising sustainability has strong links to work published by Anil Markandya and colleagues over 20 years ago. In this paper, we use long-term data stretching back to 1870 to undertake empirical tests of the relationship between Genuine Savings (GS) and future consumption for three countries: Britain, the USA and Germany. Our tests are based on an underlying theoretical relationship between GS and changes in the present value of future consumption. Based on both single country and panel results, we find evidence supporting the existence of a cointegrating (long-run equilibrium) relationship between GS and future consumption, and fail to reject the underlying basic theoretical result on the relationship between these two macroeconomic variables. These findings provide some support for the GS measure of weak sustainability.
Hanley , N D , Oxley , L , Greasley , D , McLaughlin , E & Blum , M 2015 , ' Empirical testing of Genuine Savings as an indicator of weak sustainability : a three-country analysis of long-run trends ' , Environmental and Resource Economics , vol. In press . https://doi.org/10.1007/s10640-015-9928-7
Environmental and Resource Economics
© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015. This work is made available online in accordance with the publisher’s policies. This is the author created, accepted version manuscript following peer review and may differ slightly from the final published version. The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10640-015-9928-7
DescriptionThe authors thank The Leverhulme Trust for funding this work under the project “History and the Future: the Predictive Power of Sustainable Development Indicators” (Grant Number F00241).
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