From one-dimensional fields to Vlasov equilibria : Theory and application of Hermite Polynomials
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We consider the theory and application of a solution method for the inverse problem in collisionless equilibria, namely that of calculating a Vlasov-Maxwell equilibrium for a given macroscopic (fluid) equilibrium. Using Jeans' Theorem, the equilibria are expressed as functions of the constants of motion, in the form of a Maxwellian multiplied by an unknown function of the canonical momenta. In this case it is possible to reduce the inverse problem to inverting Weierstrass transforms, which we achieve by using expansions over Hermite Polynomials. Sufficient conditions are found which guarantee the convergence,boundedness and non-negativity of the candidate solution, when satisfied. These conditions are obtained by elementary means, and it is clear how to put them into practice. Illustrative examples of the use of this method with both force-free and non force-free macroscopic equilibria are presented, including the full verification of a recently derived distribution function for the Force-Free Harris Sheet (Allanson et al. (2015)). In the effort to model equilibria with lower values of the plasma beta, solutions for the same macroscopic equilibrium in a new gauge are calculated, with numerical results presented for βpl = 0:05.
Allanson , O D , Neukirch , T , Troscheit , S & Wilson , F 2016 , ' From one-dimensional fields to Vlasov equilibria : Theory and application of Hermite Polynomials ' Journal of Plasma Physics , vol 82 , no. 3 , 905820306 . DOI: 10.1017/S0022377816000519
Journal of Plasma Physics
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