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dc.contributor.authorHenderson, Audrey
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Mark
dc.contributor.authorMcAdams, Rachel
dc.contributor.authorMcCartney, Gerry
dc.contributor.authorBeeston, Clare
dc.identifier.citationHenderson , A , Robinson , M , McAdams , R , McCartney , G & Beeston , C 2016 , ' Tracking biases : an update to the validity and reliability of alcohol retail sales data for estimating population consumption in Scotland ' , Alcohol and Alcoholism , vol. 51 , no. 3 , pp. 363-366 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 243430437
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 87bdf647-be4f-4072-9db8-26ca75dd4fd0
dc.identifier.otherBibtex: urn:c7df43a6f208f1933fe61872ba36fda6
dc.identifier.otherPubMed: 26419684
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84965025551
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000376098900018
dc.descriptionPurchase of the sales data was funded by the Scottish Government as part of the wider Monitoring and Evaluating Scotland's Alcohol Strategy portfolio of studies. Funding to pay the Open Access publication charges for this article was provided by NHS Health Scotland.en
dc.description.abstractAims: To highlight the importance of monitoring biases when using retail sales data to estimate population alcohol consumption. Methods: Previously, we identified and where possible quantified sources of bias that may lead to under- or overestimation of alcohol consumption in Scotland. Here, we update findings by using more recent data and by quantifying emergent biases. Results: Underestimation resulting from the net effect of biases on population consumption in Scotland increased from -4% in 2010 to -7% in 2013. Conclusion: Biases that might impact on the validity and reliability of sales data when estimating population consumption should be routinely monitored and updated.
dc.relation.ispartofAlcohol and Alcoholismen
dc.rights© The Author 2015. Medical Council on Alcohol and Oxford University Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (, which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.titleTracking biases : an update to the validity and reliability of alcohol retail sales data for estimating population consumption in Scotlanden
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. East of Scotland Bioscience Doctoral Training Partnershipen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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