Streptococcus pneumoniae NanC. Structural insights into the specificity and mechanism of a sialidase that produces a sialidase inhibitor
MetadataShow full item record
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an important human pathogen that causes a range of disease states. Sialidases are important bacterial virulence factors. There are three pneumococcal sialidases: NanA, NanB, and NanC. NanC is an unusual sialidase in that its primary reaction product is 2-deoxy-2,3-didehydro-N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac2en, also known as DANA), a nonspecific hydrolytic sialidase inhibitor. The production of Neu5Ac2en from α2-3-linked sialosides by the catalytic domain is confirmed within a crystal structure. A covalent complex with 3-fluoro-β-N-acetylneuraminic acid is also presented, suggesting a common mechanism with other sialidases up to the final step of product formation. A conformation change in an active site hydrophobic loop on ligand binding constricts the entrance to the active site. In addition, the distance between the catalytic acid/base (Asp-315) and the ligand anomeric carbon is unusually short. These features facilitate a novel sialidase reaction in which the final step of product formation is direct abstraction of the C3 proton by the active site aspartic acid, forming Neu5Ac2en. NanC also possesses a carbohydrate-binding module, which is shown to bind α2-3- and α2-6-linked sialosides, as well as N-acetylneuraminic acid, which is captured in the crystal structure following hydration of Neu5Ac2en by NanC. Overall, the pneumococcal sialidases show remarkable mechanistic diversity while maintaining a common structural scaffold.
Owen , C D , Lukacik , P , Potter , J A , Sleator , O , Taylor , G L & Walsh , M A 2015 , ' Streptococcus pneumoniae NanC. Structural insights into the specificity and mechanism of a sialidase that produces a sialidase inhibitor ' Journal of Biological Chemistry , vol. 290 , no. 46 , pp. 27736-27748 . DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.673632
Journal of Biological Chemistry
© 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc. Author’s Choice—Final version free via Creative Commons CC-BY license.
DescriptionThis work was supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (UK) and the Medical Research Council (UK).
Items in the St Andrews Research Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.