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dc.contributor.authorOgada, Darcy
dc.contributor.authorShaw, Philip
dc.contributor.authorBeyers, Rene L
dc.contributor.authorBuij, Ralph
dc.contributor.authorMurn, Campbell
dc.contributor.authorThiollay, Jean Marc
dc.contributor.authorBeale, Colin M
dc.contributor.authorHoldo, Ricardo M
dc.contributor.authorPomeroy, Derek
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Neil
dc.contributor.authorKrüger, Sonja C
dc.contributor.authorBotha, Andre
dc.contributor.authorVirani, Munir Z
dc.contributor.authorMonadjem, Ara
dc.contributor.authorSinclair, Anthony R E
dc.identifier.citationOgada , D , Shaw , P , Beyers , R L , Buij , R , Murn , C , Thiollay , J M , Beale , C M , Holdo , R M , Pomeroy , D , Baker , N , Krüger , S C , Botha , A , Virani , M Z , Monadjem , A & Sinclair , A R E 2016 , ' Another continental vulture crisis : Africa’s vultures collapsing toward extinction ' , Conservation Letters , vol. 9 , no. 2 , pp. 89-97 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 242632925
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 7758a0be-0142-43d4-9f45-a84032dc95c1
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84931092828
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000374778600002
dc.description.abstractVultures provide critical ecosystem services, yet populations of many species have collapsed worldwide. We present the first estimates of a 30-year Pan- African vulture decline, confirming that declines have occurred on a scale broadly comparable with those seen in Asia, where the ecological, economic, and human costs are already documented. Populations of eight species we assessed had declined by an average of 62%; seven had declined at a rate of 80% or more over three generations. Of these, at least six appear to qualify for uplisting to Critically Endangered. Africa’s vultures are facing a range of specific threats, the most significant of which are poisoning and trade in traditional medicines, which together accounted for 90% of reported deaths. We recommend that national governments urgently enact and enforce legislation to strictly regulate the sale and use of pesticides and poisons, to eliminate the illegal trade in vulture body parts, as food or medicine, and to minimize mortality caused by power lines and wind turbines.
dc.relation.ispartofConservation Lettersen
dc.rights© 2015 The Authors. Conservation Letters published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en
dc.subjectAsian vulture crisisen
dc.subjectVulture population declineen
dc.subjectIllegal wildlife tradeen
dc.subjectTraditional medicineen
dc.subjectGE Environmental Sciencesen
dc.subjectQH301 Biologyen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.subjectSDG 3 - Good Health and Well-beingen
dc.titleAnother continental vulture crisis : Africa’s vultures collapsing toward extinctionen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews. School of Biologyen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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