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dc.contributor.authorMugisha, Steven
dc.contributor.authorZuberbuehler, Klaus
dc.contributor.authorHobaiter, Catherine
dc.identifier.citationMugisha , S , Zuberbuehler , K & Hobaiter , C 2016 , ' First observation of Dorylus ant feeding in Budongo chimpanzees supports absence of stick-tool culture ' , Primates , vol. 57 , no. 3 , pp. 389-394 .
dc.identifier.otherPURE: 241580819
dc.identifier.otherPURE UUID: 70f4e1dd-afbe-4f24-aff4-15bf5a448651
dc.identifier.otherScopus: 84962010518
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0002-3893-0524/work/46125067
dc.identifier.otherWOS: 000379192900015
dc.identifier.otherORCID: /0000-0001-8378-088X/work/64360681
dc.descriptionThe research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013)/ERC grant agreement no 283871.en
dc.description.abstractThe use of stick- or probe-tools is a chimpanzee universal, recorded in all long-term study populations across Africa, except one: Budongo, Uganda. Here, after 25-years of observation, stick-tool use remains absent under both natural circumstances and strong experimental scaffolding. Instead, the chimpanzees employ a rich repertoire of leaf-tools for a variety of dietary and hygiene tasks. One use of stick-tools in other communities is in feeding on the aggressive Dorylus ‘army-ant’ species, consumed by chimpanzees at all long-term study sites outside of mid-Western Uganda. Here we report the first observation of army-ant feeding in Budongo, in which individuals from the Waibira chimpanzee community employed detached leaves to feed on a ground swarm. We describe the behaviour and discuss whether or not it can be considered tool-use, together with its implication for the absence of stick-tool ‘culture’ in Budongo chimpanzees.
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://​creativecommons.​org/​licenses/​by/​4.​0/​), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en
dc.subjectTool useen
dc.subjectPan troglodytesen
dc.subjectBF Psychologyen
dc.subjectQL Zoologyen
dc.titleFirst observation of Dorylus ant feeding in Budongo chimpanzees supports absence of stick-tool cultureen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.School of Psychology and Neuroscienceen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Institute of Behavioural and Neural Sciencesen
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of St Andrews.Centre for Social Learning & Cognitive Evolutionen
dc.description.statusPeer revieweden

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